Cola, or Cola Nut, is part of the Sterculiaceae/Malvaceae family and known scientifically as Cola acuminata. Cola is collected for the seed (nut). Cola nut contains about 1 to 2.5% caffeine. It is also made up of a high concentration of tannins and N-nitroso compounds that are potential carcinogens.
Caffeine is responsible for a large number of the pharmacologic effects that cola might bring to the body. Caffeine is a methylxanthine compound that is structurally related to theophylline, theobromine, and uric acid. Caffeine is metabolized in the liver to paraxanthine, theophylline, and theobromine. It stimulates the central nervous system (CNS), heart, muscles, and potentially the pressor centors that control blood pressure. Caffeine also influences the neurotransmitters as well as promotes respiration.
Cola nut is used as a flavoring agent in many foods and beverages as well as taken orally to help relieve a variety of symptoms.
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Products containing Cola
Cautions Cola may cause symptoms of caffeine toxicity. Caffeine can cause insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, gastric irritation, nausea, vomiting, quickened respiration, tremors, convulsions, and diuresis.