Total Omega-3 Polyunsaturates
Omega-3 is an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid that should be included in the diet. Omega-3 can be further broken down into three crucial fatty acids, ALA, EPA and DHA, which all aid the body with many important functions. Omega-3 can be found from cold-water fish sources as well as vegetable oils such as flaxseed, walnut, and canola. Omega-3's help lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels while maintaining blood pressure levels. Both EPA and DHA can be converted into prostaglandins which are anti-inflammatory substances. Omega-3's are also involved in brain function and energy production. It is important to maintain a balance in the amount of omega-3's and omega-6's in the body to ensure optimal health.
The omega-3s, EPA and DHA, should not be combine with anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs, as this may increase the risk of bleeding. It is recommended that EPA not be used with etretinate as this may have additive effects when used for the treatment of psoriasis.
DHA alone has not had side effects commonly reported. In a few cases, people did experience nausea, flatulence, bruising, and prolonged bleeding. DHA and EPA, when combined, have side effects that include a fishy taste, belching, nosebleeds, nausea, and loose stools. High doses of the fish oils might decrease blood coagulation and increase the risk of bleeding. EPA, when used in the correct dosage (typically around 15 grams per day), has limited side effects. People have reported nausea, diarrhea, halitosis, eructation, fishy smelling breath and body odor. Due to the blood-thinning activity, easy bruising and nosebleeds have been experienced.
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