Sesame (Sesamum orientale) is cultivated worldwide in tropical and subtropical temperate zones. However, the main sesame-producing countries are India, Sudan, Myanmar, and China. The plant's oily seeds are odorless, with a sweet taste and medicinal properties. Sesame contains fatty oil (oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid), lignans (including sesamine sesamolin), and steroids (sterols including beta-sitosterol, campesterol). Sesame has been used for digestive complaints such as constipation and for support of the immune system. Topically, sesame helps soothe the skin. It is used for swelling and inflammation. It is also used in massage oils and body lotions to nourish the skin.
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